Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process is a decision-making tool which systematically identifies the environmental and socio-economic impacts of development proposals.
The process aims to prevent, evaluate and mitigate any potential adverse environmental impacts generated by the development Project.
The EIA studies are developed according to international recognized standards (e.g. IFC – WB guidelines).
The objectives of EIA studies are to:
- Identify all applicable national and international regulatory environmental requirements for the Project;
- Identify the nature and extent of any potentially significant environmental and social effects (impacts) be they positive or negative, temporary or long term. This shall include routine and not-planned events;
- Identify and evaluate appropriate mitigation measures for these environmental effects;
- Identify any residual environmental effects following application of mitigation;
- Outline the management principles and controls that should be applied to the project to address any residual environmental impacts;
Identify any significant cumulative environmental effects of the Project and recommend appropriate actions to mitigate or minimize these environmental effects during the project execution.